Presidents of India
The President of India is the head of state and first citizen of India.

The President of India is also the Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces of India.

The post of President in India is known in Hindi as Rashtrapati.

The President is elected by an electoral college composed of elected members of the parliament houses, Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha, and also members of the Vidhan Sabha, the state legislative assemblies.

There have been 13 Presidents of India since the introduction of the post in 1950. The post was established when India was declared as a republic with the adoption of the Indian constitution.

First President Of India :
Dr. Rajendra Prasad

Dr. Rajendra Prasad was one of the architects of the Indian Republic, having served as the president of the Constituent Assembly and later as the first president of independent India. Dr. Rajendra Prasad is the only president to have been elected twice for the office. He was president of India from 26 January 1950 till 13 May 1962.

Dr. Rajendra Prasadwas born on 3 December 1884 in Zeradei, in the Siwan district of Bihar near Chappra.

Dr. Rajendra Prasad was elected as the President of the Indian National Congress during the Bombay session in October 1934.
He again became the president when Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose resigned in 1939.

In 1962, after serving twelve years as the president, he announced his decision to retire. He was awarded the Bharat Ratna, the nation's highest civilian award.

Dr. Rajendra Prasad died on 28 February 1963.

Second President Of India :
Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan

Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was an Indian philosopher and statesman who was the was the first Vice President of India from 1952 till 1962 and the second President of India from 13 May 1962 till 13 May 1967.

Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan born on 5 September 1888, Tiruttani, now in Tamil Nadu. His birthday is celebrated in India as Teachers' Day on 5 September.

Radhakrishnan was knighted in 1931 but ceased to use the title "Sir" after India attained independence. Among the many other honours he received were the Bharat Ratna in 1954, the Order of Merit in 1963, the Peace Prize of the German Book Trade in 1961 and the Templeton Prize in 1975.
Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan died on 17 April 1975 .

Third President Of India :
Dr. Zakir Hussain

Dr. Zakir Hussain was the third President of India, from 13 May 1967 until his death on 3 May 1969. He was the first elected Muslim president of India.

Dr. Zakir Hussain born on 8 February 1897, Hyderabad State now Andhra Pradesh.

Dr. Zakir Hussain was awarded the highest Indian national honour, the Bharat Ratna, in 1963.

Dr. Zakir Hussain, then only 23, was among the small group of students and teachers who founded a National Muslim University, first founded in Aligarh on Friday 29 October 1920.

Hussain died on 3 May 1969, the first Indian President to die in office. He is buried on the campus of the Jamia Millia Islamia in New Delhi.

Fourth President Of India :
V. V. Giri

Varahagiri Venkata Giri commonly known as V. V. Giri, was the fourth President of the Republic of India from 24 August 1969 to 23 August 1974. He was also Acting President of India from 3 May 1969 to 20 July 1969, before becoming actual president. Giri is the only person to have served as both an acting president and president of India.

V. V. Giri was elected as the third Vice President of India in 1967. Giri became acting president of India in 1969 upon the death in office of Zakir Hussain.

V. V. Giri born on 10 August 1894 in Berhampur the town and district are now part of the state of Orissa
V. V. Giri received India's highest civilian decoration, the Bharat Ratna, in 1975.

V. V. Giri died on 23 June 1980 in Madras, India.

Fifth President Of India :
Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed

Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed was the fifth President of India, 24 August 1974 11 February 1977.

Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed born on 13 May 1905 in Delhi, India.

Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed met Jawaharlal Nehru in England in 1925. He joined the Indian National Congress and actively participated in the Indian freedom movement. In 1942 he was arrested in the Quit India movement and sentenced to 3 1/2 years' imprisonment.

He was awarded an honorary doctorate by the University of Pristina, in Kosovo in 1975, during his visit to Yugoslavia.

Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed was the second Indian president to die in office, on 11 February 1977.

Sixth President Of India :
Neelam Sanjiva Reddy

Neelam Sanjiva Reddy was the sixth President of India serving from 25 July 1977 till 25 July 1982. He was elected President by the electoral college in July 1977. He was the youngest President and also the only unanimous President of India up to now.

Neelam Sanjiva Reddy was born in Illur village in Madras Presidency now in Anantapur district of Andhra Pradesh, India on 19 May 1913.

Mahatma Gandhi's visit to Anantapur in July 1929 influenced Neelam Sanjiva Reddy, who discarded his foreign clothes and took to Khadi as his dress. He gave up his studies and joined the Indian Independence Movement in 1931 as a member of the Indian National Congress party.

Neelam Sanjiva Reddy died in Bangalore in 1996.

Seventh President Of India :
Giani Zail Singh

Giani Zail Singh was the seventh President of India serving from 25 July 1982 till 25 July 1987.

Giani Zail Singh was born in Sandhwan, Faridkot district on May 5, 1916.

Giani Zail Singh was given the title of Giani, as he was educated and learned about Guru Granth Sahib at Shaheed Sikh Missionary College in Amritsar. However, he did not have formal secular education

On November 29, 1994 Zail Singh was involved in a serious vehicle accident near Kiratpur Sahib in Ropar District on his way to the Anandpur Sahib. He later died at the Post Graduate Institute, Chandigarh on 25 December 1994 and was cremated at the Raj Ghat Memorial near Old Delhi.

Eight President Of India :
Ramaswamy Venkataraman

Ramaswamy Venkataraman was the eight President of India serving from 25 July 1987 till 25 July 1992.

Ramaswamy Venkataraman was born in Rajamadam village in Tanjore district, Madras Presidency on 4 December 1910.

While practicing law, Ramaswamy Venkataraman was drawn into the movement for India's freedom from Britain's colonial subjugation. His active participation in the Indian National Congress's celebrated resistance to the British Government, the Quit India Movement of 1942, resulted in his detention for two years under the Defence of India Rules.

Ramaswamy Venkataraman received the Doctorate of Law (Honoris Causa) from University of Madras, the Doctorate of Law (Honoris Causa) from Nagarjuna University. He was awarded The Tamra Patra for participation in the freedom struggle, the Soviet Land Prize for his travelogue on K. Kamaraj's visit to the Socialist countries.
Ramaswamy Venkataraman died at the Army Research and Referral Hospital, New Delhi on 27 January 2009 due to multiple organ failure.
Ninth President Of India :
Shankar Dayal Sharma

Dr. Shankar Dayal Sharma was the ninth President of India, serving from 25 July 1992 till 25 July 1997.

Dr. Shankar Dayal Sharma born on 19 August 1918 Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh , India.

Dr. Shankar Dayal Sharma taught Law at Lucknow University and at Cambridge University. While at Cambridge, Dr. Sharma was Treasurer of the Tagore Society and the Cambridge Majlis.He taught law at Cambridge University from 1946 to 1947.

Dr. Shankar Dayal was Honored as “Proud Past Alumnus" in the list of 42 members, from "Allahabad University Alumni Association", Ghaziabad.

The International Bar Association presented Dr. Sharma with the 'Living Legends of Law Award of Recognition' for his outstanding contribution to the legal profession internationally and for commitment to the rule of law. On 26 December 1999, Dr. Shankar Dayal Sharma suffered a massive heart attack and was admitted to a hospital in New Delhi, where he died.
Tenth President Of India :
Kocheril Raman Narayanan

Kocheril Raman Narayanan was the tenth President of India serving from 25 July 1997 till 25 July 2002. He was the first Dalit and the first Malayali to become President.

Kocheril Raman Narayanan born on 27 October 1920 Perumthanam, Travancore, British India now in Kerala, India.

In the general elections of 1998, K. R. Narayanan became the first sitting President to vote (16 February 1998), casting his vote at a polling booth in a school within the Rashtrapati Bhavan complex after standing in a queue like an ordinary citizen.

Kocheril Raman Narayanan died in New Delhi at the age of 85.

Eleventh President Of India :
Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam

Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam was the eleventh President of India serving from 25 July 2002 till 25 July 2007

Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam born on 15 October 1931 in Rameswaram, presently in Tamil Nadu, India.

Before his term as President, he worked as an aerospace engineer with Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). Kalam is popularly known as the Missile Man of India for his work on the development of ballistic missile and launch vehicle technology.

He has received several prestigious awards, including the Bharat Ratna in 1997, India's highest civilian honour. He also received Padma Vibhushan in 1990 and Padma Bhushan in 1981.

Twelth President Of India :
Pratibha Patil

Pratibha Patil was the tenth President of India and was the first woman to hold the office serving from 25 July 2007 25 till July 2012.

Pratibha Patil was born on 19 December 1934 Nadgaon, Maharashtra, India.

Along with her husband, Pratibha Patil set up Vidya Bharati Shikshan Prasarak Mandal, an educational institute which runs a chain of schools and colleges in Amravati, Jalgaon and Mumbai. Pratibha Patil also set up Shram Sadhana Trust, which runs hostels for working women in New Delhi, Mumbai and Pune; and an engineering college in Jalgaon. Pratibha Patil also founded a cooperative sugar factory known as Sant Muktabai Sahakari Sakhar Karkhana at Muktainagar and an eponymous cooperative bank, Pratibha Mahila Sahakari Bank, that ceased trading in February 2003.

Thirteenth President Of India :
Pranab Mukherjee

Pranab Mukherjee is the thireeth President of India serving from 25 July 2012. Prior to his election as President in July 2012, Mukherjee was Union Finance Minister

Pranab Mukherjee was born on 11 December 1935 Mirati, West Bengal, India.

Mukherjee was sidelined from the Congress during the Prime Ministership of Rajiv Gandhi, Indira's son. Mukherjee had viewed himself, and not the inexperienced Rajiv, as the rightful successor to Indira following her assassination in 1984. Mukherjee lost out in the ensuing power struggle. He formed his own party, the Rashtriya Samajwadi Congress, which merged with the Congress in 1989 after reaching a compromise with Rajiv Gandhi.


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